Nowa­days the world is moving to auto­ma­ti­on. For the auto­ma­ti­on to work, soft­ware is being imple­men­ted in almost every part of modern day life. You will find several soft­ware sys­tems which have been desi­gned to sol­ve dif­fe­rent pro­blems. Each time engi­neers iden­ti­fy a pro­blem in the socie­ty, they will try to sol­ve it using computers. 

For com­pu­ters to work, they rely on soft­ware. This is whe­re soft­ware deve­lo­p­ment pro­cess is cri­ti­cal. If you like to come up with reli­able soft­ware, you need to learn how the soft­ware deve­lo­p­ment sta­ges work. The steps that are fol­lo­wed in the deve­lo­p­ment sta­ges inclu­de plan­ning for the soft­ware, ana­ly­sis sta­ge, design, deve­lo­p­ment, and final­ly, imple­men­ta­ti­on and tes­ting. Ano­t­her sta­ge inclu­ded in the soft­ware deve­lo­p­ment is main­ten­an­ce. If you seek to hire a com­pa­ny for soft­ware deve­lo­p­ment, you will as well have it deploy and main­tain the soft­ware. This is nine­vi­ta­ble becau­se the actu­al deve­lo­pers of the soft­ware will be in a bet­ter posi­ti­on of sol­ving dif­fe­rent chal­len­ges that may ari­se out of the deve­lo­p­ment sta­ge. The dif­fe­rent sta­ges invol­ved in the soft­ware deve­lo­p­ment work in dis­tinct ways. Some of the sta­ges inclu­de the following:

1. Plan­ning

In order to avoid flaws in soft­ware, the deve­lo­pers start with tho­rough plan­ning. In the soft­ware plan­ning sta­ge, the pro­fes­sio­nals will ana­ly­ze the strengths and weak­nes­ses of the future soft­ware. For the part of strengths, they will look for ways in which they will make the strengths more effec­ti­ve. They will try dif­fe­rent ways to redu­ce weak­nes­ses. A per­fect plan will invol­ve cal­cu­la­ti­ons of all weak­nes­ses and strengths of the soft­ware. This makes it easy for the soft­ware engi­neers to know whe­ther the pro­ject is via­ble or not. If a cli­ent approa­ches a soft­ware deve­lo­p­ment com­pa­ny with an idea, in the plan­ning sta­ge the pro­fes­sio­nals will ana­ly­ze the idea and cal­cu­la­te its strengths and weak­ness. This makes it pos­si­ble for the pro­fes­sio­nals to come up with the right recom­men­da­ti­ons. The deve­lo­pers will plan for all resour­ces they need to make the pro­ject a suc­cess befo­re they start the development.

2. Ana­ly­sis

During the ana­ly­sis sta­ge the soft­ware will be ana­ly­zed in dif­fe­rent aspects. The engi­neers will make notes about addi­tio­nal requi­re­ments which should be ful­fil­led befo­re the pro­ject can pro­ceed to the next step. If it is a big pro­ject, the soft­ware deve­lo­pers will make a detail­ed report on what will be requi­red for the soft­ware to be con­sis­tent. In the ana­ly­sis sta­ge the soft­ware will be tes­ted in dif­fe­rent aspects. Should the weak­nes­ses out­weigh the strengths, the soft­ware deve­lo­pers will have to intro­du­ce dif­fe­rent chal­len­ges to make the pro­ject via­ble. The pro­cess of ana­ly­zing is very important becau­se it will offer the engi­neers the oppor­tu­ni­ty to stu­dy the pro­ject in details. When ana­ly­zing the soft­ware, the deve­lo­pers will note down all chal­len­ges which may ari­se while designing the soft­ware. They will as well docu­ment solu­ti­ons which they can app­ly to make the soft­ware feasible.

3. Design

The design sta­ge will take over after the ana­ly­sis is com­ple­te. The design basi­cal­ly invol­ves buil­ding the archi­tec­tu­re of the pro­ject. The step is cru­cial in remo­ving pos­si­ble flaws. The flaw remo­val is pos­si­ble through set­ting stan­dards which should be met by the pro­ject. Soft­ware deve­lo­pers should always stick to the stan­dards in their deve­lo­p­ment sta­ges. If the soft­ware is to be app­lied in a given indus­try, the desi­gners will incor­po­ra­te fea­tures that will make it easy for the users of the soft­ware to enjoy their user experience.

4. Deve­lo­p­ment and Implementation

This is the actu­al soft­ware deve­lo­p­ment sta­ge in the who­le pro­cess. Data record­ing goes on in the back­ground of the deve­lo­p­ment sta­ge. The deve­lo­pers will uti­li­ze dif­fe­rent tools accord­ing to the pro­ject requi­re­ments. In most cases they will base the pro­ject on the final out­co­me for the pro­blem which the soft­ware is sup­po­sed to sol­ve. After deve­lo­ping the soft­ware, you will pro­ceed to the imple­men­ta­ti­on sta­ge. In the imple­men­ta­ti­on sta­ge you will have to take the pro­ject to a pilot stu­dy. The pilot stu­dy allows the deve­lo­pers a cru­cial oppor­tu­ni­ty to know whe­ther the func­tio­n­a­li­ty of the soft­ware is in line with the main aim of deve­lo­ping it. If you hired deve­lo­pers for your pro­ject, they will come to your com­pa­ny with the draft and test it in a pilot sca­le. This way they will collect the necessa­ry data to deter­mi­ne whe­ther they have real­ly deli­ve­r­ed or the­re are are­as whe­re they will have to tweak.

5. Tes­ting

In the tes­ting sta­ge you will assess errors in the soft­ware. If the­re are bugs in the soft­ware, the deve­lo­pers will figu­re out ways of fixing them. Bugs can affect the ope­ra­ti­on of your soft­ware, but through the tes­ting pro­cess, you will have the oppor­tu­ni­ty to iden­ti­fy the errors which may have been made at a dif­fe­rent soft­ware deve­lo­p­ment sta­ge. The deve­lo­pers will remo­ve the bugs and imple­ment stra­te­gies which will pre­vent the soft­ware from deve­lo­ping errors in the future. This will help in making the soft­ware more reli­able. The­re are dif­fe­rent approa­ches which the deve­lo­pers can use to test the soft­ware and iden­ti­fy errors which should be remo­ved for the soft­ware to work well.

6. Main­ten­an­ce

After the soft­ware has pas­sed through all the sta­ges without major issu­es, the final sta­ge invol­ves main­ten­an­ce. The main­ten­an­ce pro­cess inclu­des upgrading the soft­ware for it to meet dif­fe­rent chan­ges in the indus­try whe­re it will be app­lied. Almost all major soft­ware deve­lo­p­ment com­pa­nies employ the soft­ware deve­lo­p­ment pro­cess to come up with the best solu­ti­on ever. If you con­si­der buy­ing soft­ware deve­lo­p­ment ser­vices, then you need to inves­ti­ga­te the com­pa­ny you are about to hire to find out whe­ther it fol­lows all the necessa­ry steps requi­red to deve­lop the best soft­ware. The pro­cess also app­lies to both begin­ners and advan­ced soft­ware developers.